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四川大学网络教育学院《大学英语(2)》课程学生自测模拟题一

时间:13-12-23 栏目:资料专区 作者:zhangke 留言:0 点击: 2,023 次



四川大学网络教育学院大学英语(2)》课程学生自测模拟题一

                                                                    

Ⅰ. Use of English (5%)

Directions: In this part there are 5 incomplete dialogues. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one answer that best completes the dialogue.

 

1.    —What can I do for you, madam?

               .

A. I want a kilo of apples.                          B. You can go your own way.

C. Thanks.                                                D. Excuse me, I’m busy.

2.    — What’s the weather like in your hometown?

               .

A. it’s a nice place                                     B. I like the food there

C. He asks me whether I like the weather    D. It’s cold in winter and hot in summer

3.    —Excuse me, Where is Sunny Hotel?

               .

A. You can’t miss it.                   

B. I don’t know

C. Go straight ahead and take the second turing on your right.

D. You will see it immediately.

4.    —What a poor job I’ve done!

               .

A. Do it again.                                                

B. You can do it.

C. Do y our best!                                     

D. Don’t be upset. No one can do it better than you.

5.    —Well, do you feel like going to that new restaurant for dinner?

               .

A. No, nothing special.                              B. Oh, that’s a terrific idea.

C. It’s not my plan                                    D. Help yourself.

 

Ⅱ. Reading Comprehension (40%)

Directions: There are three passages in this part. Each passage is followed by five questions. For each question there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should decide on the best choice.

 

Passage 1

A car needs gas to run and your body also needs food to work for you. Eating the right kind of food is very important. It can keep your body strong, so take care of what you eat.

There are four main food groups altogether. The dairy products group has food like milk, cheese and sour milk. The other three groups are the meat and fish group, the fruit and vegetable group, and the bread and rice group. Each meal should have at least one food from all the four main groups. With all these food together you will be given enough energy during the day.

 It is easy to get into bad eating habits. You may eat your breakfast in a hurry to get to school on time. Or you may not have time for a good lunch. It may seem easy to finish your supper with fish and chips all the time. But you will find yourself tired during these days and you cannot think quickly.

Watching what you eat will help keep your body healthy and strong. It is also good to take some exercise. It will help you eat more if you take a walk or play games in the open air. Having a good eating habit with some exercise is the key to your health.

 

6.    What does this passage mainly discuss?

A. As a car needs gas, your body needs food.

B. Eating enough food is very important

C. Healthy diet with exercises will keep your body healthy and strong.

D. Our diets must include milk.

7.    The best diet should include _________.

A. milk, fish, cabbage and bread                        B. cheese, milk and eggs

C. sour milk, pork and apples                                   D. milk, pork and rice

8.    According to the passage, which one is NOT a bad eating habit?

A. Eating breakfast in a hurry                                   B. Having no time for a good lunch

C. Eating fish and chips all the time                   D. Finding enough time to enjoy lunch

9.    According to the passage, _________ is the key to your health.

A. eating the right kind of food every day           B. taking a walk after lunch

C. a good eating habit with some exercise           D. playing games in the open air

10. The best title for the passage is _________.

A. Food                                                          B. A Healthy Diet               

C. Body and Food                                            D. Food and Exercise

 

Passage 2

In 1638, John Harvard donated some money and about four hundred books to a new university. This was the beginning of the library at Harvard University. The gift was so important that the university was named for John Harvard.

Thomas Bray began the first free lending library in the late 1600s. He set up more than 30 of these libraries in the American colonies. However the idea for this kind of free library ended when Bray died in 1730. In 1731, Benjamin Franklin and some friends started the first subscription(定阅) library in the United States. In a subscription library people pay money to become members, but they may borrow the books without paying again.

In the United States, every child had a free education. This idea soon led to free libraries. One of the first libraries that used tax money to buy books was a library in Peterborough, New Hampshire. This library was set up in 1833.    

 

11. The main idea of paragraph 2 is _________.

     A. Franklin started the first subscription library

   B. in a subscription library people pay money to become members

   C. Bray and Franklin were important in the history of public libraries

   D. Bray died in 1730 and Franklin died in 1833

12. The word “borrow” in line 8 means _________.

   A. read and write with no help from another person    B. use for a short time and then return

   C. like very much                                                    D. lend

13. The passage does not say it, but we can guess that _________.

   A. there were free schools in the United States before there were free libraries.

     B. free schools and free libraries in the United States began at about the same time.

     C. the library in New Hampshire also had a free school in it.

   D. there were free libraries in the United States before there were free schools.

14. Harvard University began _________.

A. in 1973                B. in1730                       C. in 1833          D. in 1638

15. At the library that Franklin started, _________.

     A. children could use books for no money at all

     B. people paid no money in the beginning but some after that

     C. people paid a lot of money in the beginning but none after that

     D. both A and B

 

Passage 3

For every man in the Civil War who died in battle, two or three men died of disease. Doctors of that time knew very little about causes of sickness or ways of preventing it. Thousands of men in poor health became soldiers. Hundreds of others had never had childhood diseases. Many of these soldiers could not withstand the epidemics(流行病)of measles(麻疹), mumps(腮腺炎), and whooping cough that went through the camps.

Army life was hard. Soldiers got few fruits or vegetables. There was no milk unless they happened to find a cow. Neither their clothes nor their shelters protected the troops from rain, snow, and cold. Sickness and disease were spread by insects, rats, and impure drinking water. Often the men drank straight from muddy streams.

Gunshot wounds were serious, as in any war, but they did not cause as much death and suffering as disease did.

 

16. Disease caused _________.

A. only a few deaths                                                B. fewer deaths than wounds did

C. more deaths than wounds did                                D. both A and B

17. Men who were accepted as Civil War soldiers were _________.

A. known to have already had measles and mumps      B. required to be in perfect health

C. able to withstand epidemics easily                         D. sometimes in poor health

18. Army life was hard on the troops because _________.

A. they were not sheltered from the cold                    B. they had no warm clothing

C. their diets lacked good, healthful food                   D. all of the above

19. Insects and rats were dangerous because they _________.

A. destroyed food                                                    B. carried disease         

C. made the water impure                                        D. ruined the soldiers’ clothing

20. The best title for this selection is _________.

A. Disease                                                              B. The Greatest Danger        

C. Insects, Rats, and Gunshot Wounds                       D. The History of Epidemics

 

Passage 4

The Pine(松)tree is a special kind of tree. Some people call the pine tree a Christmas trees. This is because many people put pine trees in their homes at Christmas time.

Pine trees are different from other trees because most other trees lose their leaves in the winter. Pine trees stay green all year long, enen in the winter. Pine trees are also called evergreens because they are always green. Pine trees do not have soft leaves like other trees. They have hard, thin leaves. Pine trees also have pine cones. If you walk in a forest, you will see many pine cones on the ground. Inside the pine cones are seeds. When the seeds fall to the ground, a new tree start to grow.

Pine trees are useful for many reasons. The wood is used to make many things, such as tables, beds and boats. Many kinds of birds build their homes in pine trees. The seeds of pine trees are food for some small and big animals.

If you walk in a forest of pine trees, the air has a wonderful smell. In winter, the white snow on the dark green trees looks very beautiful.

 

21. Some people call the pine tree a Christmas tree because _________.

A. pine trees are green at Christmas time

B. pine trees are put in people’s homes at Christmas time

C. the pine tree is a special kind of tree

D. pine trees never lose their leaves in the winter

22. According to the second paragraph, the underlined expression “pine cones” means _________.

A.松子                        B.松针                        C.松果                 D. 松树

23. Which is NOT the feature that makes pine trees different from other trees?

A. Pine trees never lose their leaves in the winter.       B. Pine trees are always green.

C. Pine trees have hard and thin leaves.                     D. Pine trees have many seeds.

24. Which is Not the reason why pines trees are useful?

A. Pine cones are food for animals.                   

B. The wood is used to make many things.

C. Many animals build their homes in pine trees.

D. The white snow on the pine homes in pine trees.

25. The purpose of the passage is _________.

A. to introduce the pine tree                              B. to praise the pine tree

C. to encourage people to plant pine trees           D. to tell us a story about a Christmas tree

 

. Vocabulary and structure (25%)

Section A  Multiple Choice

Directions: In this section, there are 15 incomplete sentences. For each sentence there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the One Answer that best completes the sentence.

 

26.   Medical treatment ______ greatly from state to state.

A. various                    B. variety                            C. varies                     D. varying

27.   We’ll have to ______ how much food we’ll need for the party.unit 3

A. make out                  B. work out                  C. think out                  D. look out

28.   Communists should serve the public with ______.

A. dedicate                   B. delicate                    C. dedication                D. delicateness

29.   It is best if divorced parents can ______ friendly relations for the sake of the children.

A. stay                         B. reserve                     C. preserve                   D. maintian

30.   I could ______ the coat at once; it was my father’s.

A. identify                                  B. regard        C. realize                      D. discover

31.   The chairman’s speech ______ the radio when I turned it on.

A. was broadcast on                                          B. was being broadcast on

C. was broadcasting in                                      D. broadcast over

32.   The teacher would have to spend a lot of time ______ what the studen’ts already know in the subject.

A. find out                          B. to find out         C. finding out               D. found out

33.   “A computer ______ think for itself. It must be told what to do.”

A. can’t                               B. couldn’t           C. may not                   D. might not

34. ______ the heavy rain, the boys kept on playing football.

A. Although                           B. Because of      C. As                       D. In spite of

35. This policy would allow more children ______ in full time education.

A. stay                         B. staying         C. to stay                  D. into staying

36. ______ the bad news about her son’s death on the battlefield, the old woman fainted.

A. As soon as she hears         B. When she hears  C. Heard                      D. On hearing

37. She heard a terrible noise, ______ caused her heart to beat very fast.

A. it                           B. which         C. this                     D. where

38. ______ we should go to the park depends on the weather.

A. What                        B. Whether        C. If                            D. That

39. It turns out ______ he is the person you’d have to deal with.

A. what                        B. which          C. that                     D. how

  1. The twins ask their mother ______.

A. when will she buy the new shoes for them.     

B. when she will buy the new shoes for them.

C. what will she buy the new shoes for them.

D. what she will buy the new shoes for them.

 

Section B  Close

Directions: There are 10 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. You should choose the one answer that best completes the passage.

 

Good children must be good students at school. They should work hard at all subjects and do what is given to them  41   time. They should develop the ability to care  42   themselves, to try not to depend too much  43   their parents, to think independently and to work in a planned way. They ought to respect teachers, have a cooperative attitude  44   schoolmates and always be ready to help others.

At home, good children should be tidy and hard-working. Besides shoolwork they should help their parents with housework and be always ready to show respect and gratitude to their parents whenever their parents do something for them. They should also be bery  45   towards their entire family. They  46   to please their family with something that  47   them happy and feel good instead of upsetting them with their personal worries. When it is basolutely necessary to talk to their parents about their personal problems, they should talk nicely and calmly,  48   ready to take advice from their parents since they are much more  49   in life. If any disagreement occurs, good children should try to iron out(调停)the disagreement by listening to the parents’ opinions. They never take it  50   granted that they are always in the right. On the contrary, good children learn quickly by listening to others.

 

41. A. for                          B. on                           C. within                      D. by

42. A. after                        B. by                           C. for                           D. on

43. A. on                           B. by                           C. in                                   D. at

44. A. for                          B. with                         C. at                                   D. towards

45. A. considerable             B. considerate               C. consider                   D. consideration

46. A. should                            B. must                        C. ought                       D. may

47. A. make                       B. made                       C. makes                      D. to make

48. A. geting                      B. to get                       C. got                          D. getting

49. A. experience                B. to experience            C. experienced                     D. experiencing

50. A. as                            B. for                           C. in                                   D. with

 

Ⅳ. Translation (20%)

Section A: Translate the following sentences into Chinese.

51.   I know what people are saying-but none of it is true.

52.   Life without a dream is reduced to a hollow existence.

53.   She instantly grabbed everyone’s attention the minute she walked into the classroom.

54.   What a difference optimism makes in the attitude of the problem solver.

55.   Emotion are an essential part of our nature and may be either helpful or destructive depending on how we deal with them.

 

Section B: Translate the following sentences into English

56.   运动有益于我们的健康。(benefit)

57.   我最好的朋友Tom将亲自教我儿子英语。(in person)

58.   迄今为止,腐败现象是一个所有国家都尚未解决的问题。(so far, corruption)

59.   她拿照相机交换我的手表。(in exchange for)

60.   在和老师进行长时间的谈话后,我们终于找到了解决那个问题的办法。(have a conversation, work out)

 

. Writing (10%)

Directions: Write one paragraph of no less than 80 words by supplying examples. Use the following sentence as its topic sentence.

 

It is a law of nature that the new will inevitably take place of the old.

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